An aerial view of flooded downtown Cedar Rapids, Iowa, June 14, 2008. Several more levees holding back rising flood waters in the U.S. Midwest broke on Saturday, forcing more evacuations and emergency actions by officials to limit damage and injuries. (Xinhua/Reuters Photo)

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 19 Jun 2008ساعت 14:49  توسط مسعود  | 

Perfect Woman Robot

AI Robotics could have stumbled upon a gold mine here by developing a robot which is smart enough to cook meals, go shopping, perform all the necessary house chores without nagging you to help and the ability to even give massages after you have had a long day at work. The company has thus dubbed this new robot "Perfect Woman", at least from most males' point of view. I myself think that the claims by AI Robotics are exaggerated as the field robotics surely has not advanced to such a state so soon? Even if it were real, you're probably better off with a real flesh-and-blood lady in your arms since she'll cost less than such an advanced robot.

 

+ نوشته شده در  Sun 15 Jun 2008ساعت 12:27  توسط مسعود  | 

.

"I am talking about loving relationships about 40 years from now," David Levy, author of the book "Love + sex with robots", told AFP at an international conference held last week at the University of Maastricht in the south-east of the country

"... when there are robots that have also emotions, personality, consciousness. They can talk to you, they can make you laugh. They can ... say they love you just like a human would say 'I love you', and say it as though they mean it

Robots as sex toys should already be on the market within five years, predicted Levy, "a sort of an upgrade of the sex dolls on sale now.

These would have electronic speech and sensors that make them utter "nice sounds" when a human caresses their "erogenous zones".

But to build robots as real partners would take a bit longer, with conversation skills being the main obstacle for developers.

Scientists were working on artificial personality, emotion and consciousness, said Levy, and some robots already appear lifelike.

"But for loving relationships -- that is something completely different. In loving relationships there are many more things that are important. And the most difficult of all is conversation.

"You want your robot to be able to talk to you about what is interesting to you. You want a partner who has some similar interest to you, who talks to you in a manner that pleases you, who has a similar sense of humour to you."

The field of human-computer conversation is crucial to building robots with whom humans could fall in love, but is lagging behind other areas of development, said the author.

"I am sure it will (happen.) In 40 years ... perhaps sooner. You will find robots, conversation partners, that will talk to you and you will get as much pleasure from it as talking to another human. I am sure of it."

Levy's bombshell thesis, whose publication has had a ripple-effect way beyond the scientific community, gives rise to a number of complicated ethical and relationship questions.

British scholar Dylan Evans pointed out the paradox inherent to any relationship with a robot.

"What is absolutely crucial to the sentiment of love, is the belief that the love is neither unconditional nor eternal.

"Robots cannot choose you, they cannot reject you. That could become very boring, and one can imagine the human becoming cruel against his defenseless partner", said Evans.

A robot could conceivably be programmed with a will of its own and the ability to reject his human partner, he said, "but that would be a very difficult robot to sell".

Some warn against being overhasty.

"Let us not exaggerate the possibilities!" said Dutch researcher Vincent Wiegel of the Technological University of the eastern town of Delft.

"Today, the artificial intelligence we are able to create is that of a child of one year of age."

But Levy is unyielding. He is convinced it will happen, and predicts many societal benefits.

"There are many millions of people in the world who have nobody. They might be shy or they might have some psychological hang-ups or psycho-sexual hang-ups, they might have personality problems, they might be ugly ...

"There will always be many millions of people who cannot make normal satisfactory relationships with humans, and for them the choice is not: 'would I prefer a relationship with a human or would I prefer a relationship with a robot?' -- the choice is no relationship at all or a relationship with a robot."

They might even become human-to-human relationship savers, he predicted.

"Certainly there will be some existing human-human relationships where one partner might say to the other partner: 'if you have sex with a robot I'm leaving you'.

"There will be others who say: 'when you go on your business trip please take your robot because I happen to worry about the red light district'."

+ نوشته شده در  Sun 15 Jun 2008ساعت 12:22  توسط مسعود  | 

+ نوشته شده در  Fri 13 Jun 2008ساعت 11:4  توسط مسعود  | 

There is a good chance that the ethanol companies will have to cut production later in the year due to tight supply of corn. Some of the new plants may have to sit idle

This should be a catalyst to boost the price of ethanol.

If the ethanol crush margin continues to move up,and earnings from operations continue to strengthen. That is usually a positive sign.
In fact, margins may dramatically move up

However, If volumes are down, maybe not enough to cover fixed overhead, thereby dropping earnings. .Earnings from operations will be good, but a few quarterly reports will be at losses due to this.

Market usually looks a earnings from operations
as positive. It looks at one/short negative events that effect overhead as neutral.

How will the market view this

Stock is down today hard due to Driscoll/Citibank downgrade 



+ نوشته شده در  Fri 13 Jun 2008ساعت 11:1  توسط مسعود  | 

مادر داماد : ببخشين ، كبريت دارين؟
خانواده عروس : كبريت ؟! كبريت براي چي!؟
مادر داماد : والا پسرم مي خواست سيگار بكشه...
خانواده عروس : پس داماد سيگاريه....!؟
مادر داماد : سيگاري كه نه.. والا مشروب خورده ، بعد از مشروب سيگار مي چسبه...
خانواده عروس : پس الكلي هم هست..!؟
مادر داماد : الكلي كه نه... والا قمار بازي كرده و باخته ! ما هم مشروب داديم بهش كه يادش بره
خانواده عروس : پس قمارم بازي مي كنه...!؟
مادر داماد : آره... دوستاش توي زندان بهش ياد دادن...
خانواده عروس : پس زندانم بوده...!؟
مادر داماد : زندان كه نه... والا معتاد بوده ، گرفتنش يه كمي بازداشتش كردن...
خانواده عروس : پس معتادم بوده...!؟
مادر داماد : آره... معتاد بود ، بعد زنش لوش داد...
خانواده ي عروس : زنش !!!؟؟؟



نتيجه اخلاقي : هميشه موقع خواستگاري رفتن كبريت همراهتون داشته باشين!Smiley

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 12 Jun 2008ساعت 8:57  توسط مسعود  | 

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 12 Jun 2008ساعت 8:17  توسط مسعود  | 

Michelle Obama (L) and Cindy McCain are seen in a combination ...
+ نوشته شده در  Wed 11 Jun 2008ساعت 23:31  توسط مسعود  | 

What makes USA so great is , people paying TAXES ,so please pay your taxes and pay more than what you think you have to pay . Getting food stamp or salary from here is not right unless you have payed to the system , ITS ACTUALLY A SIN , because what you get will reduce the amount that the elders that actually paid all their lives to the system would get

+ نوشته شده در  Wed 11 Jun 2008ساعت 10:54  توسط مسعود  | 

 
MUMBAI : With the hike of petrol and diesel in India, inevitable for the government with the rising global price of crude oil – the government is facing the worst case scenario: it could get booed out of power by the voters in the coming elections

But analysts say any government in power would not have any other option but to bail out the oil companies who were facing bankruptcy. But can you believe that the fuel prices in India is still cheaper than water

Bemused? Here are the statistics

Petrol is cheaper than the Coca Cola you drink. It is not just petrol; most liquids that you daily use are more expensive than vehicle fuels as one of our readers pointed out. Here are the latest figures to compare

Diesel (regular) in Mumbai : Rs.39.08 per litre
Petrol (speed) in Mumbai : Rs.57 per litre
Coca Cola 330 ml can : Rs.20 = Rs.61 per litre
Dettol antiseptic 100 ml Rs.20 = Rs.200 per litre
Radiator coolant 500 ml Rs.160 = Rs.320 per litre
Pantene conditioner 400 ml Rs..165 = Rs.413 per litre
Medicinal mouthwash like Listerine 100 ml Rs.45 = Rs. 450 per litre
Red Bull 150 ml can : Rs.75 = Rs.500 per litre
Corex cough syrup 100 ml Rs.57 = Rs. 570 per litre
Evian water 500 ml Rs. 330 = Rs. 660 per litre. Rs. 500 for a litre of WATER???!!! And the buyers don't even know the source (Evian spelled backwards is Naive.)
Kores whiteout 15 ml Rs. 15 = Rs. 1000 per litre
Cup of coffee at any decent business hotel 150 ml Rs. 175 = Rs. 1167 per litre
Old Spice after shave lotion 100 ml Rs. 175 = Rs. 1750 per litre
Pure almond oil 25 ml Rs. 68 = Rs. 2720 per litre
And this is the REAL KICKER...
HP Deskjet colour ink cartridge 21 ml Rs.1900 = Rs. 90476 per litre


Now you know why computer printers are so cheap? So they have you hooked for the ink

So, the next time you're at the pump, don't curse the government. On the contrary thank them that you are given fuel at a throw away price. A common man actually uses petrol worth 500 Rs per month and so he is given Rs 110 as subsidy by the government if you calculate by the latest rates

And imagine what industrialists use? A whopping Rs 10000 per month on an average. The government gives these rich businessmen Rs 2200 as subsidy

What would you prefer
+ نوشته شده در  Mon 9 Jun 2008ساعت 23:16  توسط مسعود  | 

Mohammad Heydari-Malayeri
Mohammad Heydari-Malayeri

Mohammad Heydari-Malayeri

Dr. Mohammad Heydari-Malayeri is an astronomer (première classe) at Paris Observatory in France. His main field of research is the formation and evolution of massive stars. These hot, luminous stars, which have masses over 10 times that of our Sun, include the O-type stars, Wolf-Rayet stars, and the so-called transition objects (Ofpe/WN9, LBV, B[e], etc.). The formation process is still a largely unsolved problem. Since they evolve so rapidly, it is necessary to study them at their earliest phases when they are still within their enshrouding material.

Dr. Heydari-Malayeri started his search for the youngest massive stars in the Magellanic Clouds, our neighboring galaxies, almost two decades ago, by conducting ground-based observations at the European Southern Observatory. In 1982, this led him to the discovery of a distinct and very rare class of compact H II regions, called ``blobs.'' In contrast to the typical H II regions of the Magellanic Clouds, which are extended structures (sizes of several arc minutes on the sky, corresponding to more than 150 light-years, powered by a large number of hot stars), the blobs are very dense and small regions (about 5 to 10 arc-seconds in diameter, corresponding to 5 to 10 light-years). These are in fact sites of young massive stars just leaving their pre-natal molecular cloud. The recent use of the Hubble telescope has been fundamental in penetrating into these compact objects and studying the hidden newborn stars.

Mohammad was born in 1947 in Malayer, a small city situated at 1700 m above sea level in the Zagros mountains of Iran, some 400 kilometers southwest of Tehran. He lived there with his family until the age of eight. The starry night skies of Malayer were perhaps the seeds of his fascination with the stars. He was only 4-5 years old when he started learning poems of the great Iranian poets by heart. He lived in a large family with his great-grandfather, who had a passion for poetry and could recite hundreds of verses of Ferdowsi, Hafez, Khayyam, and Rumi from memory, even though he was in his 80s. He still remembers how all family members were sometimes awakened by his great-grandfather during the night because he had forgotten some verses and needed help. His great-grandfather couldn't sleep till somebody had found the lacking verse!

After his parents moved to the capital Tehran, he continued watching the stars, searching for the constellations and recognizing the bright stars and nebulae with the help of a small binocular. Years later, as a university student, he translated and published several popular books in physics and astronomy, including George Gamow's A Star Called the Sun (Viking Press, New York, 1964) from English into his mother tongue Persian (Tehran, 1972). He obtained his B.Sc. in Physics from Tehran University in 1970 and did a compulsory two-year military service. After six months at the imperial army's artillery faculty in Ispahan studying surveying and cartography, he became a lieutenant. Later every time his division was out in desert for military exercises, he used the fairly powerful surveying telescopes to show the stars and galaxies to his colleagues and soldiers.

In 1975 he was awarded a scholarship by the French government to study astrophysics in France. He earned his Doctorat d'Etat in astrophysics at Paris VII University in 1983 after receiving his Doctorat de Troisième Cycle in astrophysics in 1979 at the same institution. Both dissertations dealt with several aspects of the interstellar medium, particularly H II regions and molecular clouds. He then spent seven years (from 1985 to 1992) as a staff astronomer at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, in Chile. At that period, even though he continued his own research projects, he became deputy director of the astronomy department (1989-1992) and was in charge of a multiple-object spectrograph (Optopus) at the Cassegrain focus of the 3.6-m telescope. He has kept a sweet memory of living and working in Chile. He is now a French citizen and lives in Paris with his wife Soheila Faramarzi and their two daughters Pegah (Melanie), 17 years, and Chirine, 12 years.

Outside astronomy Mohammad is interested in linguistics and etymology, especially scientific terminology. He has contributed to a scientific terminology system in Persian which, like Greek and Latin, is an Indo-European language. His method uses the roots, prefixes, and affixes to coin Persian counterparts for new technical words. If the necessary roots and affixes do not exist in modern Persian, he goes back to the middle and old Persian and Avestan as well as to Sanskrit, Greek, or Latin to retrieve them. The international terms are adopted and grammatically treated as Persian. The whole procedure is quite complex and the final results should comply with aesthetic criteria. He is now working on an English-Persian Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics in which he proposes Persian equivalents for the latest astrophysical concepts and for classical terms as well

+ نوشته شده در  Mon 9 Jun 2008ساعت 4:28  توسط مسعود  | 

Photo By : Negar Talapour

در شهر سیرجان، یکی از مکان هایی که دخترها و پسرها می توانند همدیگر را بدون هیچ ترس و واهمه ای ببینند، جایی نیست جز قبرستان شهر. در اینجا نیروی انتظامی به جوانان شک نمی کند و نمی پرسد که آن ها، به چه دلیل به قبرستان آمده اند.

قبرستان سیرجان در جنوب این شهر واقع است. قدمت این قبرستان به 40 سال می رسد. این قبرستان سه بخش دارد: به قبرهایی که در 30 سال اول ساخته شده است قبرستان قدیمی می گویند. قسمت دوم گلزار شهدا با سنگ قبرهای یک دست مشکی و تازه تعمیر. این قسمت زیبا ترین قسمت قبرستان است و بین قبرهای قدیمی و قبرهای جدید که در 10 سال اخیر ساخته شده است قرار دارد. هر قسمت قبرستان به وسیله خیابانی از دیگری جدا شده است.

این قبرستان، بخش زیادی از زمین های شهر را به خود اختصاص داده است. اطراف آن، شهرک هایی هستند که تازه ساخته شده اند. می شود گفت قبرستان، داخل شهر است و رفت آمد به آنجا راحت است.

از فاصله یک کیلومتری، قبرستان، باغی با درختان سرسبز و بلند مانند سرو، کاج، و اکالیپتوس که زیبایی خاصی به قبرستان داده است به نظر می رسد و یا تابلوهایی که بیشتر با رنگ زرد و سبز و تصویر جوانانی که بیشتر آن ها در اثر تصادف فوت کرده اند نگاه هر کسی را جذب خود می کند.

عصرها که هوا خنک است بوی گلهای پیچک و محمدی هوای قبرستان را معطر می کند. قدم زدن در قبرستان بسیار دلپذیر است و شیر آبی که در گوشه این جا، جمعیت زیادی را به دور خود جمع کرده، هرکس یک پارچ به دست دارد و می خواهد آب بردارد و به درختی که بالای سر قبر مرده شان است آب بدهد یا سنگ قبر را بشوید. بیشتر نوجوانان هستند که برای آب برداشتن با هم بحث می کنند.

نخستین چیزی که نظر هر کسی را جلب می کند، جمعیت جوان و سنگ قبرهای بزرگ است.

در سیرجان هر کس از نظر مالی در موقعیت خوبی باشد، سنگ قبرش بزرگ و زیبا خواهد بود. در این شهر به سنگ قبر اموات خیلی اهمیت می دهند.

چند جوان، لباس هایی با رنگ روشن و زیبا پوشیده اند و در کنار قبری نشسته، با هم صحبت می کنند و می خندند. از آن ها اجازه می گیرم و کنارشان می نشینم، و از آن ها چند دقیقه در مورد این که چرا به قبرستان آمده اند پرس و جو می کنم: «ما قبرستان را خیلی دوست داریم ، شب های جمعه بهترین زمانی است که ما می توانیم با دوستانمان چند دقیقه ای را با آرامش با هم باشیم. این جا ذهنمان دغدغه ای ندارد، برای این که کسی به ما شک نمی کند که به چه بهانه ای به اینجا امده ایم. این جا همه گریه و زاری می کنند و آن قدر ناراحت هستند که کاری به اطراف شان ندارند. البته ما هم تابلو بازی در نمی آوریم. با صدای بلند نمی خندیم که کسی متوجه ما شود و بعد می گوید: «با این گزارش شما فکر کنم بهترین پاتوق ما از ما گرفته می شود. خدا کند پلیسی گزراش شما را نخواند چون با حضور جوانان در قبرستان حساس می شوند آخه در سیرجان جایی نیست که ما با دوستان مان برویم.»

«این جا بیشتر پارک ها کوچک هستند و شهر هم کوچک، همه همدیگر را می شناسند. ما جرات نمی کنیم پارک برویم. قبرستان بهترین جا برای ما است. بخصوص قسمت قدیمی آن که رفت آمد در آن کم است و ما بیشتر غروب ها می آییم که همه دارند کم کم قبرستان را ترک می کنند و اگر هم بخواهیم به قبرستان جدیدی برویم ما در کنار سنگ قبرهای جوانان می نشینیم ، اگر هم کسی از اقوام انها آمد البته از ما سوال نمی کنند که شما کی هستید، اگر هم سوال کند می گوییم از دوستانش هستیم. قرار گذاشتن در اینجا راحت تر از جاهای دیگر است ،جایی را که هر دو مان بلد باشیم قرار می گذاریم. یک قسمت قبرستان چند قبر خانوادگی است ما بیشتر انجا قرار می گذاریم.» این را متین که جوانی قد بلند و چهارشانه است و مو های بلند و پوستی تیره دارد و به سنگ قبری تکیه داده می گوید.

Photo By : Negar Talapour

مردم سیرجان سنت های قدیمی را کم و بیش حفظ کرده اند. دراین شهر روابط دختر و پسرها خیلی محدود است. دامنه این محدودیت ها تا جایی پیش رفته که جوانانی که با هم نامزد کرده اند نمی توانند به راحتی با هم رفت و آمد کنند.

میترا دختر قد بلندی که زیر چادرش لباس هایی بر اساس مد روز پوشیده و آرایش ملایمی دارد. او همراه با دوستش محمود به قبرستان آمده تا لحظاتی را در پایان هفته با هم سپری کنند. کمی شیرینی و شکلات در کیسه ای جلوی این دو جوان قرار دارد. در حالی که تعارف می کند و می گوید: «بفرمایید فاتحه ندارد، قبرستان برای ما بهترین جا است.» می خندد و روبه دوستش اضافه می کند:‌ «دور از جون... منظورم اینه که بهترین پاتوق مخفی است. چون پلیس مزاحم ما نمی شود یعنی فکرش را نمی کند که ما اینجا چه کار می کنیم. اگر در خیابان یا پارک با هم راه برویم پلیس جلوی ما را می گیرد و برای ما مشکل به وجود می آوردو یا پدر و مادرهای مان را می خواهد که بعدش خدا، آسان کند کوچک ترین کارمان زیر ذربین خانواده است. اگر در خیابون هم پلیس مزاحمتی ایجاد نکند نگاه های مردم خیلی بدتر از برخورد پلیس و خانواده مان است. دلیل این که به قبرستان می آییم این است که اگر یکی از اقوام من، ما را با هم در کنار قبر ببیند فکر می کند آن آقا از اقوام ان مرده است اونا که نمی آیند روی سنگ قبر را بخونن و ببینن که قبر کی است و فکر می کنند ان آقا دارد فاتحه می خواند و می رود و آن ها نمی ایستند ببینن که چند دقیقه کنار هم نشسته ایم و اگر هم کسی از من سوال کند آن کی بود کنارت من می گوییم کدوم یکی، آخه ان لحظه که من کنار قبر بودم خیلی ها آمدند فاتحه خواندند و رفتند و من هم به آنها توجه نکردم.»

فرهنگ سنتی سیرجان ارتباط آزادنه دو جنس مخالف را نمی پذیرد و آنرا بویژه برای دختران یک رفتار غلط و نابخشودنی به حساب می آورد. اگر دختری آشکارا دوست پسر داشته باشد، ممکن است برای همیشه از یک ازدواج خوب محروم شود.

زهرا که خانمی 50 ساله است می گوید: «من وقتی می رم قبرستون اینقدر اعصابم داغون است فکر می کنم هرکس که به اینجا بیاید مانند من فقط به مرگ فکر می کند نه به چیز دیگری. می بینم جوانانی که درکنار قبر نشسته اند و من فکر می کنم از اقوام ان خدا بیامرز هستن. اگر خودم شخصاً مطمئن شوم که آن ها دوست دختر و پسر هستن، با آن ها برخورد می کنم و به پلیس زنگ می زنم. من خودم فرزند جوون دارم، این طور باشه آن ها هم می بینند و یاد می گیرند. اینقدر جامعه خراب نشده که قبرستون هم جای این قرتی گری ها باشد.»

حاج علی، که هم نماز میت می خواند و هم مرده به خاک می سپارد می گوید: «من خودم تا حالا با چنین موضوعی برخورد نکرده ام و از شنیدن این موضوع تعجب کردم. من فکر می کنم اگر قبرستان پاتوق جوانان باشد خیلی بهتره نسبت به جاهای دیگر. چون دراینجا گناه کمتر صورت می گیرد ممکن است این مکان حتی بر روی حرف هایی که بین انها رد و بدل می شود اثر بگذارد و از مرده ها خجالت بکشن و حرف های تحریک کننده کمتر بزنند و شاید هم به این فکر بیفتند که عاقبت آن ها هم قبرستون است.»

جوانانی که از شهرهای دیگر برای تحصیل یا کار به سیرجان آمده اند هم باید مانند جوانان سیرجان پای بند به این سنت ها باشند.

محمد، دانشجوی مهندسی و اهل تهران است. در گوشه دیگری از قبرستان و کنار سنگ قبری قدیمی همراه با دوست دخترش نشسته و می گوید: «اوایل که برای درس خواندن به این جا امده بودم خیلی مشکل داشتم ، وقتی با دوستم درخیابان قدم می زدم پلیس به ما گیر می داد. بعد دوستانم قبرستان را به من معرفی کردند.» او درحالی که خود را سرقفلی دار آن قبر فرسوده معرفی می کند با خنده می گوید: «اولین بار شانسی آمدیم کنار این قبرو آن روز کسی برای فاتحه خوانی برروی این قبر نیامد هفته بعد هم آمدیم باز هم کسی نیامد و مزاحم ما نشد. چند ماهی است که ما می آییم اینجا، حتی یک نفر هم به سراغ این بیچاره نیامده. فکر می کنم خدا هم از این کار ما راضی باشد چون این بنده خدا (اشاره به قبر) را از تنهایی در می آوریم.» محمد می گوید : «هوا تاریک شده، دیگر باید برویم.»

قبرستان خلوت شده بود شاید انگشت شماری آدم بود، انها هم قرآن خوان ها بودند که کم کم آماده می شدند که محل کار خود را ترک کنند. هر چه هوا تاریک تر می شد، حس ترس در این محیط بیشتر می شد
+ نوشته شده در  Sat 7 Jun 2008ساعت 13:17  توسط مسعود  | 

PC 
+ نوشته شده در  Tue 3 Jun 2008ساعت 8:1  توسط مسعود  | 

خاک شد آن کس که در این خاک زیست
خاک چه دانـــد که در این خاک کـــیست
هـــــر ورقـــی چــــهره ی آزاده ای سـت
هــــر قـــدمی فـرق مـــلک زاده ای سـت 
+ نوشته شده در  Mon 2 Jun 2008ساعت 10:44  توسط مسعود  | 

Iran says remarks by the officials of the United Arab Emirates do not change the fact that the three islands in the Persian Gulf are Iranian

“The three Persian gulf islands of Greater Tumb, Lesser Tumb, and Abu Musa have always been and will always remain Iranian,” an informed political source told IRNA.

“We advise the UAE officials not to fall in the trap of the trans-regional powers who wish to sow the seeds of discord among the countries of the region,” the source said on condition of anonymity.

An unnamed Emirati official had accused Iran of 'occupying' the three islands in the Persian Gulf, criticizing Iran's Foreign Ministry Spokesman Mohammad-Ali Hosseini's comments who called the issue a misunderstanding.

Although the UAE frequently makes territorial claims against the Islamic Republic, Iran dismisses such claims as 'fabricated' .

The three islands historically belonged to Iran, but had temporarily fell under British control and had to be returned to its rightful owner.

The islands of Greater Tumb, Lesser Tumb and Abu Musa were returned to Iran on November 30th 1971 through a legal process before the state of the United Arab Emirates was even created and the Al Nahyan clan assumed its leadership.

According to international regulations, no state can defy any agreements which had come into being and gained validity before its creation.

The United Arab Emirates National Day falls on December 2, 1971, marking its independence from Great Britain.
+ نوشته شده در  Sun 1 Jun 2008ساعت 15:47  توسط مسعود  | 

cc refers to cubic centimetres - this is the metric measurement of volume in the cylinder of an engine
a 200cc engine in a motorbike would be an average size but you'd never find that in a car as the smallest cars sold in the EU and Japan are at least 600cc.
1000cc = 1 litre therefore a 1.5L car is 1500cc, 3000cc = 3L etc. I hope I'm not being too pedantic in my explanation. Anyway you get the gist of what I'm saying

PS: If the engine is a four cylinder you divide the volume by four e.g. 2000cc engine is two litres but it's got four cylinders so divide 2000/4 and you get the cc of each cylinder. Same follows for six cylinder engines etc.

+ نوشته شده در  Sun 1 Jun 2008ساعت 15:5  توسط مسعود  | 

Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to help improve patient health care and the quality of life of individuals.

As a relatively new discipline, much of the work in biomedical engineering consists of research and development, covering an array of fields: bioinformatics, medical imaging, image processing, physiological signal processing, biomechanics, biomaterials and bioengineering, systems analysis, 3-D modeling, etc. Examples of concrete applications of biomedical engineering are the development and manufacture of biocompatible prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices and imaging equipment such as MRIs and EEGs, and pharmaceutical

+ نوشته شده در  Sun 1 Jun 2008ساعت 13:35  توسط مسعود  | 

 

The use of cluster bombs

1. Why cluster bombs are so harmfull

1.1. Each cluster bomb is composed of 200 to 700 bomblets. When each bomblet explodes it fragments into about 300 pieces of jagged steel - sending out virtual blizzards of deadly shrapnel. People are decapitated, arms, legs, hands and feet are severed from their bodies - anyone and anything alive in the immediate vicinity is shredded into a bloody mess.

1.2. Cluster bombs cause damage over a very large and imprecise area. Once released from a U.S. Air Force or Navy jet, cluster bombs fall for a pre-set amount of time or distance before their dispensers open, spreading the bomblets widely so they can effectively slaughter people over a wide area. The wide dispersal pattern of cluster munitions makes them difficult to target accurately.

1.3. Each cluster bomblet is activated by an internal fuze, and is set to explode above ground, on impact, or to be time-delayed - that is, they can be made into time bombs or mines. The smaller bombs are designed to explode near the time of impact. But since 5% to 30% fail to explode at the time set for them, unexploded bombs litter every target area, silent and nondescript. Until picked up by an unfortunate child or accidentally kicked by a passerby. In this way they become hidden killers, blending into their surroundings like land mines. And over time cluster bombs become more unstable - they explode more easily.
Because of their high failure rate, cluster munitions leave large numbers of hazardous, explosive duds, a great many unexploded "dud" submunitions that become de facto antipersonnel landmines that may cause injury or death to civilians long after the war is over… (

Image:Mk44 Lazy Dog bomb.png

 

+ نوشته شده در  Sat 31 May 2008ساعت 8:48  توسط مسعود  | 

Image:B1-B Lancer and cluster bombs.jpg
+ نوشته شده در  Sat 31 May 2008ساعت 8:44  توسط مسعود  | 

Ethanol: Rumor vs. Reality

Rumor #1: Increased ethanol production has dramatically increased consumer food prices.

Reality: The impact of ethanol on food prices has been greatly exaggerated. 

First, retail food products such as cereals, snack foods and beverages contain relatively little corn. For example, a standard box of corn flakes contains approximately 10 ounces of corn. Even when corn is priced at $4 per bushel, a box of corn flakes contains less than a nickel’s worth of corn (Source: U.S. Departmentment of Agriculture Economic Research Service). According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, labor costs account for 38 cents of every dollar a consumer spends on food. Packaging, transportation, energy, advertising and profits account for 24 cents of the consumer food dollar. Just 19 cents of every consumer dollar can be attributed to the actual price of food inputs.  

Second, food prices have not increased proportionately with corn prices. The U.S. Commerce Department reports that from January 2006 to March 2007, corn prices nearly doubled but consumer food costs increased only 2.1 percent. This percentage increase is less than the 25-year average CPI of 2.9 percent. 

So what does influence retail food prices?  One recent study suggests that energy prices have twice the impact on retail food prices that grain prices do (Source: John Urbanchuk, LECG, LCC, June 2007). Over the past two and a half years, increases in crude oil prices have added an additional dollar per gallon to the price of regular gasoline. Americans consume about 140 billion gallons of gasoline each year, so a dollar per gallon price increase equates to a $140 billion impact. Seven billion bushels of corn each year is used for food and feed purposes, so an increase of $1 in the price of corn results in a $7 billion impact on prices consumers pay (Source: Acting USDA Secretary Chuck Conner, U.S. Consumer Federation Address, Sept 28, 2007).

Rumor # 2: As current ethanol production continues to grow, the U.S. will not be able to meet the demands of global food and feed markets.

Reality: A sad reality of world hunger is that it generally due to problems with food access, not food production. 

According to the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization, the most likely causes of hunger are a lack of infrastructure and access to capital – not food scarcity.

Furthermore, U.S. farmers have easily met all demands for U.S. corn from foreign markets. Even though corn use for ethanol has risen dramatically over the past several years, American corn growers continue to serve as the world’s top exporter of corn. USDA’s 2008 forecast predicts that U.S. corn exports will increase by $600 million due to strong foreign demand and reduced competition.

There is not a direct relationship between commodities and food as some might assume. Both corn and soybeans are used primarily in the production of meat through feed for livestock and not used in actual retail food products. The amount of field corn used for human food processing (starch, sweetener and cereal) ranges between 5 percent and 8 percent of total corn usage. Also, corn demand for food processing markets has been flat for 15 years (Source: USDA, Pro Exporter Network).

Finally, a high-quality feed product known as “distillers grains” is produced as a co-product of ethanol production. The U.S. exports large amounts of distillers grains annually. In 2006/2007, ethanol plants produced more than 12 million metric tons of distillers grains. This product is fed to livestock and poultry, helping to replace corn that can then be used for other purposes. It is estimated that distillers grains displaced more than 500 million bushels of corn from feed rations in 2006, allowing that corn to be used for other uses (Source: www.foodandfuelamerica.com).

Rumor #3: There won’t be enough corn to continue the strong growth in the ethanol industry.

Reality: Thanks to continued increases in yields and ethanol processing efficiency, farmers are expected to be able to meet rising demand for corn. 

The amount of corn farmers can grow per acre has quadrupled in the last five decades – from 40 bushels per acre in 1950 to 160 bushels per acre in 2004. If yields continue to increase at the rate of the last 10 years, this average will reach 180 bushels by 2015. An increase of just two bushels per acre results in an additional 150 million bushels of corn, which can produce 420 million gallons of ethanol (Source: National Corn Growers Association).

At the same time, technology improvements will mean that we can squeeze more out of each bushel of corn. The average ethanol conversion rate today is 2.8 gallons per bushel, up from 2.5 gallons per bushel several years ago. The conversion rate may soon be as high as 3 gallons per bushel because of emerging processing technologies.

Rumor #4: Ethanol supporters claim it is the total answer to our nation’s energy independence.

Reality: Instead of seeing ethanol as a silver bullet, supporters describe it as a step in the right direction for reducing our nation’s dependence on foreign oil. 

While imperfect, today’s renewable fuels create a necessary foundation for future renewable fuel technologies that will offer even greater environmental and economic benefits. Just as the early biplanes were necessary first steps toward transcontinental air travel, today’s renewable fuels sector is a first step down a road that supporters believe will ultimately lead to energy independence. 

Some critics of renewable fuels may raise issues that are important to address. However, many of the concerns being raised on a national level today mimic those raised decades ago when ethanol was first emerging as a fuel option in Minnesota. Our experience has shown that ethanol can provide a real-world boost to our economy and our environment even though it has practical limitations and technical obstacles like any other energy option.

Rumor #5: Ethanol contributes little to our nation’s energy security.

Reality: Ethanol makes a significant and growing contribution today by reducing our need to purchase foreign energy. 

In 2005, the use of ethanol reduced America’s trade deficit by $8.7 billion and thereby eliminated the need to import 170 million barrels of oil (Source: Renewable Fuels Association). As encouraging as this statistic may be, there is still need for further improvement. Right now, the U.S. imports 65 percent of its petroleum needs. By 2025, the Energy Information Agency (EIA) projects the U.S. will import 71 percent of its petroleum. A major portion of this petroleum is expected to come from the volatile Middle East, where much of the remaining known petroleum reserves exist.

Rumor #6: Ethanol is heavily subsidized in comparison to other fuels.

Reality: Subsidies of renewable fuels are modest when compared with the subsidies directed to fossil fuels. 

It is important to compare “apples to apples” when discussing fuel subsidies. According to the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the U.S. has spent more than $130 billion over the last three decades in subsidies to the oil industry. Add to this the amount of money that the U.S. spends to maintain a major presence in the Middle East, and you begin to see the “embedded” cost in our gasoline coming from the oil imported from this region.

Ethanol has received government subsidies as well. However, with the rise in today’s market price of corn, agricultural subsidies in their current form will be reduced from more than $10 billion/year to approximately $2 billion/year. Even by factoring in the current cost of the U.S. excise tax credit to gasoline blenders, which amounts to $3 billion/year, the subsidy level is greatly reduced from previous norms.

Rumor #7: It takes more energy to produce a gallon of ethanol than you get from it.

Reality: Most studies show ethanol to have a positive net energy balance, while all studies show gasoline has a net negative energy balance.

Reality: Most studies show ethanol to have a positive net energy balance, while all studies show gasoline has a net negative energy balance.

According to a 2006 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, ethanol produced from corn provided 67 percent more energy than is used during production. Furthermore, the CRS report concluded that there is a net energy loss of 19 percent in the production of gasoline.

The CRS report is not alone in finding a positive net energy balance for ethanol. Since 1995, at least 11 independent studies have found ethanol to have a positive net energy balance while only one study, which used methods that have been challenged by other scientists, found the energy balance to be negative (Source: National Corn Growers Association). However, this single study continues to be cited without proper context by renewable fuels critics and media outlets.

Rumor #8: Ethanol only provides a small reduction in greenhouse gases.

Reality: In 2006, ethanol use in the U.S. reduced greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 8 million tons, the equivalent to removing annual emissions of more than 1.21 million cars from the road. (Source: Renewable Fuels Association)

The American Lung Association of Chicago credits ethanol-blended gasoline with reducing smog-forming emissions in the Chicago area by 25 percent since 1990.

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory estimates that the use of 10 percent ethanol blends reduces greenhouse gases by up to 19 percent compared to conventional gasoline. 

In 2002, General Motors commissioned a “Well-to-Wheels” life cycle analysis of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. The study compared 15 propulsion technologies and 75 different fuel pathways. The study found E85 reduces greenhouse gas emissions more than any other alternative fuel. Phase 2 of General Motors’ study, released in May 2005, concluded there is no better way to address petroleum fuel use and carbon dioxide emissions than by using ethanol. Hybrid and diesel propulsion systems reduced carbon dioxide emissions by only 20 to 30 percent, while E85 reduced carbon dioxide emissions anywhere from 75 to 85 percent.

Rumor #9: To produce high corn yields to meet ethanol demand, applications of farm chemicals will need to be dramatically increased.

Reality: Over time, farmers are becoming more efficient and are using smaller amount of costly farm inputs per acre.

According to the USDA’s Economic Research Service, the additional increase to be expected in corn yields comes with no large increase in nitrogen use per acre. Furthermore, with the improved genetic traits of seeds, less herbicide and pesticide will be required. Since 1996, biotech crops have reduced pesticide sprayings by 500 million pounds – 6.9 percent reduction worldwide (Source: Graham Brookes, PG Economics, Ltd.).

Rumor #10: Ethanol’s economic benefit for local communities has been overstated.

Reality: At the 550 million gallon production level in 2006, Minnesota’s ethanol industry generated an estimated $2.77 billion in total economic impacts and over 10,000 jobs. Many of these jobs are located in greater Minnesota, where the state’s ethanol plants are located.

Nationwide, 2005 ethanol industry supported more than 150,000 jobs. This economic activity helped boost U.S. household income by $5.7 billion (Source: Renewable

+ نوشته شده در  Fri 30 May 2008ساعت 19:40  توسط مسعود  | 

Fuk Li (L), manager of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Mars ...
+ نوشته شده در  Wed 28 May 2008ساعت 12:39  توسط مسعود  | 

Soft power is a term used in international relations theory to describe the ability of a political body, such as a state, to indirectly influence the behavior or interests of other political bodies through cultural or ideological means. The term was first coined by Harvard University professor Joseph Nye, who remains its most prominent proponent, in a 1990 book, Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power. He further developed the concept in his 2004 book, Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. Its usefulness as a descriptive theory has been challenged often, but soft power is still being used as a term that distinguishes the subtle effects of culture, values, and ideas on others' behavior from more direct coercive measures called hard power such as military action (hard power) or economic incentives.

 

[The basic concept of power is the ability to influence others to get them to do what you want. There are three major ways to do that: one is to threaten them with sticks; the second is to pay them with carrots; the third is to attract them or co-opt them, so that they want what you want. If you can get others to be attracted to want what you want, it costs you much less in carrots and sticks. [1]

Soft power, then, represents the third way of getting the outcomes you want. Soft power is contrasted with hard power, which has historically been the predominant realist measure of national power, through quantitative metrics such as population size, concrete military assets, or a nation's Gross Domestic Product. But having such resources does not always produce the desired outcomes as the United States discovered in the Vietnam War. The resources from which soft power behavior is derived are culture (when it is attractive to others), values (when there is no hypocrisy in their application) and foreign policies (when they are seen as legitimate in the eyes of others). Unless these conditions are present, culture and ideas do not necessarily produce the attraction that is essential for soft power behavior. The extent of attraction can be measured by public opinion polls, by elite interviews, and case studies. Nye argues that soft power is more than influence, since influence can also rest on the hard power of threats or payments. And soft power is more than just persuasion or the ability to move people by argument, though that is an important part of it. It is also the ability to attract, and attraction often leads to acquiescence.

If I am persuaded to go along with your purposes without any explicit threat or exchange taking place — in short, if my behavior is determined by an observable but intangible attraction — soft power is at work. Soft power uses a different type of currency — not force, not money — to engender cooperation. It uses an attraction to shared values, and the justness and duty of contributing to the achievement of those values. [2]

The success of soft power heavily depends on the actor’s reputation within the international community, as well as the flow of information between actors. Thus, soft power is often associated with the rise of globalization and neoliberal international relations theory. Popular culture and media is regularly identified as a source of soft power, as is the spread of a national language, or a particular set of normative structures; a nation with a large amount of soft power and the good will that engenders it inspire others to acculturate, avoiding the need for expensive hard power expenditures.

+ نوشته شده در  Wed 28 May 2008ساعت 12:31  توسط مسعود  | 

MCCAIN IS TO OLD GREY AND ANGRY TO BE PRESIDENT  
 
Anyone that knows Mccain well says he
 
 has a very very bad temper. This is not a
 
man you want
+ نوشته شده در  Mon 26 May 2008ساعت 17:32  توسط مسعود  | 

 

اون شب وقتی به خونه رسیدم دیدم همسرم مشغول آماده کردن شام است, لباسهام رو عوض کردم و بعد بهش گفتم: باید راجع به یک موضوعی باهات صحبت کنم. اون هم آروم نشست و منتظر شنیدن حرف های من شد. دوباره سایه رنجش و غم رو توی چشماش دیدم. اصلا نمی دونستم چه طوری باید بهش بگم, انگار دهنم باز نمی شد. هرطور بود باید بهش می گفتم و راجع به چیزی که ذهنم رو مشغول کرده بود, باهاش صحبت می کردم. موضوع اصلی این بود که من می خواستم از اون جدا بشم. بالاخره هرطور که بود موضوع رو پیش کشیدم, از من پرسید چرا؟! اما وقتی از جواب دادن طفره رفتم خشمگین شد و در حالی که از اتاق غذاخوری خارج می شد فریاد می زد: تو مرد نیستی.اون شب دیگه هیچ صحبتی نکردیم و اون دایم گریه می کرد و مثل باران اشک می ریخت, می دونستم که می خواست بدونه که چه بلایی بر سر عشق مون اومده و چرا؟ اما به سختی می تونستم جواب قانع کننده ای براش پیدا کنم, چرا که من دلباخته یک دختر جوان به اسم"دوی" شده بودم و دیگه نسبت به همسرم احساسی نداشتم. من و اون مدت ها بود که با هم غریبه شده بودیم من فقط نسبت به اون احساس ترحم داشتم. بالاخره با احساس گناه فراوان موافقت نامه طلاق رو گرفتم, خونه, 30درصد شرکت و ماشین رو به اون دادم. اما اون یک نگاه به برگه ها کرد و بعد همه رو پاره کرد. زنی که بیش از 10 سال باهاش زندگی کرده بودم تبدیل به یک غریبه شده بود و من واقعا متاسف بودم و می دونستم که اون 10 سال از عمرش رو برای من تلف کرده و تمام انرژی و جوانی اش رو صرف من و زندگی با من کرده, اما دیگه خیلی دیر شده بود و من عاشق شده بودم. بالاخره اون با صدای بلند شروع به گریه کرد, چیزی که انتظارش رو داشتم. به نظر من این گریه یک تخلیه هیجانی بود.بلاخره مسئله طلاق کم کم داشت براش جا می افتاد. فردای اون روز خیلی دیر به خونه اومدم و دیدم که یک نامه روی میز گذاشته! به اون توجهی نکردم و رفتم توی رختخواب و به خواب عمیقی فرو رفتم. وقتی بیدار شدم دیدم اون نامه هنوز هم همون جاست, وقتی اون رو خوندم دیدم شرایط طلاق رو نوشته. اون هیچ چیز از من نمی خواست به جز این که در این مدت یک ماه که از طلاق ما باقی مونده بهش توجه کنم.اون درخواست کرده بودکه در این مدت یک ماه تا جایی که ممکنه هر دومون به صورت عادی کنار هم زندگی کنیم, دلیلش هم ساده و قابل قبول بود: پسرمون در ماه آینده امتحان مهمی داشت و همسرم نمی خواست که جدایی ما پسرمون رو دچار مشکل بکنه! این مسئله برای من قابل قبول بود, اما اون یک درخواست دیگه هم داشت: از من خواسته بود که بیاد بیارم که روز عروسی مون من اون رو روی دست هام گرفته بودم و به خانه اوردم و درخواست کرده بود که در یک ماه باقی مونده از زندگی مشترکمون هر روز صبح اون رو از اتاق خواب تا دم در به همون صورت روی دست هام بگیرمو راه ببرم. خیلی درخواست عجیبی بود, با خودم فکر کردم حتما داره دیونه می شه. اما برای این که اخرین درخواستش رو رد نکرده باشم موافقت کردم. وقتی این درخواست عجیب و غریب رو برای "دوی"تعریف کردم اون با صدای بلند خندید گفت: به هر باید با مسئله طلاق روبرو می شد, مهم نیست داره چه حقه ای به کار می بره. مدت ها بود که من و همسرم هیچ تماسی با هم نداشتیم تا روزی که طبق شرایط طلاق که همسرم تعین کرده بود من اون رو بلند کردم و در میان دست هام گرفتم. هر دومون مثل آدم های دست و پاچلفتی رفتار می کردیم و معذب بودیم. پسرمون پشت ما راه می رفت و دست می زد و می گفت: بابا مامان رو تو بغل گرفته راه می بره. جملات پسرم دردی رو در وجودم زنده می کرد, از اتاق خواب تا اتاق نشیمن و از اون جا تا در ورودی حدود 10متر مسافت رو طی کردیم. اون چشم هاشو بست و به آرومی گفت: راجع به طلاق تا روز آخر به پسرمون هیچی نگو! نمی دونم یک دفعه چرا این قدر دلم گرفت و احساس غم کردم. بالاخره دم در اون رو زمین گذاشتم, رفت و سوار اتوبوس شد و به طرف محل کارش رفت, من هم تنها سوار ماشین شدم و به سمت شرکت حرکت کردم. روز دوم هر دومون کمی راحت تر شده بودیم, می تونستم بوی عطرشو اسشمام کنم. عطری که مدتها بود از یادم رفته بود. با خودم فکر کردم من مدتهاست که به همسرم به حد کافی توجه نکرده بودم. انگار سالهاست که ندیدمش, من از اون مراقبت نکرده بودم. متوجه شدم که اثار گذر زمان بر چهره اش نشسته, چندتا چروک کوچک گوشه چماش نشسته بود,لابه لای موهاش چند تا تار خاکستری ظاهر شده بود! برای لحظه ای با خودم فکر کردم: خدایا من با او چه کار کردم؟! روز چهارم وقتی اون رو روی دست هام گرفتم حس نزدیکی و صمیمیت رو دوباره احساس کردم. این زن, زنی بود که 10 سال از عمر و زندگی اش رو با من سهیم شده بود. روز پنجم و ششم احساس کردم, صیمیت داره بیشتر وبیشتر می شه, انگار دوباره این حس زنده شده و دوباره داره شاخ و برگ می گیره. من راجع به این موضوع به "دوی" هیچی نگفتم. هر روز که می گذشت برام آسون تر و راحت تر می شد که همسرم رو روی دست هام حمل کنم و راه ببرم, با خودم گفتم حتما عظله هام قوی تر شده. همسرم هر روز با دقت لباسش رو انتخاب می کرد. یک روز در حالی که چند دست لباس رو در دست گرفته بود احساس کرد که هیچ کدوم مناسب و اندازه نیستند.با صدای آروم گفت: لباسهام همگی گشاد شدند. و من ناگهان متوجه شدم که اون توی این مدت چه قدر لاغر و نحیف شده و به همین خاطر بود که من اون رو راحت حمل می کردم, انگار وجودش داشت ذره ذره آب می شد. گویی ضربه ای به من وارد شد, ضربه ای که تا عمق وجودم رو لرزوند. توی این مدت کوتاه اون چقدر درد و رنج رو تحمل کرده بود, انگار جسم و قلبش ذره ذره آب می شد. ناخوداگاه بلند شدم و سرش رو نوازش کردم. پسرم این منظره که پدرش , مادرش رو در اغوش بگیره و راه ببره تبدیل به یک جزئ شیرین زندگی اش شده بود. همسرم به پسرم اشاره کرد که بیاد جلو و به نرمی و با تمام احساس اون رو در آغوش فشرد.من روم رو برگردوندم, ترسیدم نکنه که در روزهای آخر تصمیم رو عوض کنم. بعد اون رو در آغوش گرفتم و حرکت کردم. همون مسیر هر روز, از اتاق خواب تا اتاق نشیمن و در ورودی.دستهای اون دور گردن من حلقه شده بود و من به نرمی اون رو حمل می کردم, درست مثل اولین روز ازدواج مون. روز آخر وقتی اون رو در اغوش گرفتم به سختی می تونستم قدم های آخر رو بردارم. انگار ته دلم یک چیزی می گفت: ای کاش این مسیر هیچ وقت تموم نمی شد. پسرمون رفته بود مدرسه, من در حالی که همسرم در اغوشم بود با خودم گفتم: من در تمام این سالها هیچ وقت به فقدان صمیمیت و نزدیکی در زندگی مون توجه نکرده بودم. اون روز به سرعت به طرف محل کارم رانندگی کردم, وقتی رسیدم بدون این که در ماشین رو قفل کنم ماشین رو رها کردم, نمی خواستم حتی یک لحظه در تصمیمی که گرفتم, تردید کنم. "دوی" در رو باز کرد, و من بهش گفتم که متاسفم, من نمی خوام از همسرم جدا بشم! اون حیرت زده به من نگاه می کرد, به پیشانیم دست زد و گفت: ببینم فکر نمی کنی تب داشته باشی؟ من دستشو کنار زدم و گفتم: نه! متاسفم, من جدایی رو نمی خوام, این منم که نمی خوام از همسرم جدا بشم. به هیچ وجه نمی خوام اون رو از دست بدم. زندگی مشترک من خسته کننده شده بود, چون نه من و نه اون تا یک ماه گذشته هیچ کدوم ارزش جزییات و نکات ظریف رو در زندگی مشترکمون نمی دونستیم. زندگی مشترکمون خسته کننده شده بود نه به خاطر این که عاشق هم نبودیم بلکه به این خاطر که اون رو از یاد برده بودیم. من حالا متوجه شدم که از همون روز اول ازدواج مون که همسرم رو در آغوش گرفتم و پا به خانه گذاشتم موظفم که تا لحظه مرگ همون طور اون رو در آغوش حمایت خودم داشته باشم. "دوی" انگار تازه از خواب بیدار شده باشه در حالی که فریاد می زد در رو محکم کوبید و رفت. من از پله ها پایین اومدم سوار ماشین شدم و به گل فروشی رفتم. یک سبد گل زیبا و معطر برای همسرم سفارش دادم. دختر گل فروش پرسید: چه متنی روی سبد گل تون می نویسید؟ و من در حالی که لبخند می زدم نوشتم: از امروز صبح, تو رو در آغوش مهرم می گیرم و حمل می کنم, تو روبا پاهای عشق راه می برم, تا زمانی که مرگ, ما دو نفر رو از هم جدا کنه...

 

 

+ نوشته شده در  Mon 26 May 2008ساعت 13:4  توسط مسعود  | 

Reformulated Gasoline Blendstock for Oxygen Blending (RBOB) Futures
Trading Unit
42,000 U.S. gallons (1,000 barrels).
Price Quotation
U.S. dollars and cents per gallon.
Trading Hours (All times are New York time)
Open outcry trading is conducted from 9:00 AM until 2:30 PM.

Electronic trading is conducted from 6:00 PM until 5:15 PM via the CME Globex® trading platform, Sunday through Friday. There is a 45-minute break each day between 5:15PM (current trade date) and 6:00 PM (next trade date).
Trading Months
36 consecutive months on a rolling basis.
Trading at Settlement (TAS)
Trading at settlement is available for the front two months except on the last trading day and is subject to the existing TAS rules. Trading in all TAS products will cease daily at 2:30 PM Eastern Time. The TAS products will trade off of a "Base Price" of 100 to create a differential (plus or minus) in points off settlement in the underlying cleared product on a 1 to 1 basis. A trade done at the Base Price of 100 will correspond to a "traditional" TAS trade which will clear exactly at the final settlement price of the day.
Minimum Price Fluctuation
$0.0001 (0.01¢) per gallon ($4.20 per contract).
Maximum Daily Price Fluctuation
$0.25 per gallon ($10,500 per contract) for all months. If any contract is traded, bid, or offered at the limit for five minutes, trading is halted for five minutes. When trading resumes, the limit is expanded by $0.25 per gallon in either direction. If another halt were triggered, the market would continue to be expanded by $0.25 per gallon in either direction after each successive five-minute trading halt. There will be no maximum price fluctuation limits during any one trading session.
Last Trading Day
Trading terminates at the close of business on the last business day of the month preceding the delivery month.
Settlement Type
Physical.
Delivery
F.O.B. seller's facility in New York harbor ex-shore. All duties, entitlements, taxes, fees, and other charges paid. Requirements for seller's shore facility: capability to deliver into barges. Delivery may also be completed by pipeline, tanker, book transfer, or inter- or intra-facility transfer. Delivery must be made in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local licensing and tax laws. Delivery shall comply with all state laws related to oxygen content.

Complete delivery rules and provisions are detailed in Chapter 191 of the
Exchange Rulebook.
Delivery Period
Deliveries may only be initiated the day after the fifth business day and must be completed before the last business day of the delivery month.
Alternate Delivery Procedure (ADP)
An alternate delivery procedure is available to buyers and sellers who have been matched by the Exchange subsequent to the termination of trading in the spot month contract. If buyer and seller agree to consummate delivery under terms different from those prescribed in the contract specifications, they may proceed on that basis after submitting a notice of their intention to the Exchange.
Exchange of Futures for Physicals (EFP)
The commercial buyer or seller may exchange a futures position for a physical position of equal quantity by submitting a notice to the Exchange. EFPs may be used to either initiate or liquidate a futures position.
Grade and Quality Specifications
Generally conforms to industry standards for reformulated regular gasoline blendstock for oxygen blending (RBOB) with 10% denatured fuel ethanol (92% purity) as listed by the Colonial Pipeline for fungible F grade for sales in New York and New Jersey. RBOB is a wholesale non-oxygentated blendstock traded in the New York Harbor barge market that is ready for the addition of 10% ethanol at the truck rack.

Month
Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP)
pounds per square inch
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Percentage Reduction
January
15.0 max
N/A
February
15.0 max
N/A
March
13.5 max
N/A
April
N/A
23.4 min
May
N/A
23.4 min
June
N/A
23.4 min
July
N/A
23.4 min
August
N/A
23.4 min
September 1-15
N/A
23.4 min
September 16-30
13.5 max
N/A
October
13.5 max
N/A
November
15.0 max
N/A
December
15.0 max
N/A
+ نوشته شده در  Mon 26 May 2008ساعت 12:47  توسط مسعود  | 

Plan
  • Eliminate ethanol subsidies (Brazil produces ethanol at 1/3 our cost but we will not allow ethanol imports)
  • Eliminate crop subsidies
  • Eliminate all tariffs and all subsidies
  • Adopt a balance budget (This will strengthen the US dollar, dramatically)
  • Get out of Iraq, Europe, Japan, and damn near everywhere else (This will ease geopolitical tensions and have Iraq pumping oil within 4-5 years or less)
  • End US imperialism (This is very dollar supportive)
  • Legalize hemp for fiber production and biofuels (This will reduce the need for petroleum based fibers, and hemp will be far better at producing biofuels than corn)
  • Let the free market find a solution (If Congress would get the hell out of the way, the free market will find a practical solution)
Instead Congress wants to sue OPEC. In a way, suing OPEC is innocuous because it is a pointless waste of time and going nowhere
+ نوشته شده در  Fri 23 May 2008ساعت 15:23  توسط مسعود  | 

. Racing away from green lights

When the light turns green, you don't have to take off as quickly as possible. That pedal under your right foot is called the "gas pedal" for a good reason. The more you press down on it, the more gas you're pumping into the engine

Press lightly on the gas pedal, and you'll still accelerate, and you'll still get where you're going. You might be surprised at how little pressure it takes to get your car up to speed in a reasonable time.

. Racing up to red lights

When you're driving down the street, and you see a light red light or stop sign up ahead, you should lay off the gas sooner rather than later.

There's no point in keeping your foot on the gas until just before you reach the intersection. Let off the pedal sooner and give your engine a rest as you coast to the stop while braking gently. As an added benefit, your brake pads will last longer, too.

By themselves, these first two tips can improve your fuel economy around town by as much as 35 percent, according to tests conducted by automotive information Web site Edmunds.com.3. Confusing the highway with a speedway

Even if it doesn't involve hard acceleration, speeding wastes gas. The faster you go, the more air your vehicle has to push out of the way. It's like moving your hand through water. The faster you try to move your hand, the harder the water pushes back.

In tests by Consumer Reports, going 75 instead of 65 miles per hour reduced fuel economy by between 3 and 5 miles per gallon, depending on the vehicle.

4. Bumper-buzzing

Tailgating is a bad move for many reasons. First of all, it's unsafe. You reduce your ability to react if the car in front of you slows or stops. It also means you have to pay ultra-close attention to that car which reduces your ability to scan for other hazards ahead of you and to the sides.

And tailgating wastes gas. Every time the driver ahead taps his brakes, you have to slow down even more than he did. (That's because you can't react immediately so you have to slow even more because you're slowing down later.) Then you accelerate again to get back up to speed and resume your bumper-buzzing routine.

Hang back and you'll be safer - plus you'll be able to drive more smoothly and use less fuel. A good rule of thumb is to allow two seconds of space between your car and the one ahead. You can figure that out by counting off two seconds after the car in front of you passes an obvious landmark like an overpass.

5. Driving standing still

You've probably heard that it takes more gas to restart a car than to let it run. Maybe that used to be true, but it isn't anymore. With modern fuel-injection engines, it takes very little extra gas to restart a car once it's warmed up.

Idling, meanwhile, burns about a half-mile worth of gas every minute, according to the California Energy Commission. That's why hybrid cars shut down their gasoline engines whenever they stop, even for a moment.

Now you don't want to shut your engine down for every little stop in your regular, non-hybrid car - it's not designed for that - but if you're waiting for someone to run in and out of a convenience store, turn off the engine.

And don't go through the drive-through at fast food restaurants. You're already paying enough for the oil in those chicken nuggets.

Bonus tip: Don't idle your engine to let it warm up before driving. It does your engine no good and it wastes gas. Instead, start driving right away, but drive gently until the engine is warm.

6. Short hops

For really short trips, take advantage of the opportunity to get some exercise. Try walking to the store instead of driving. You can save gas and burn a few calories instead.

If you can't hoof it, save up your errands. A lot of short hops that let the engine cool down at home between trips can use twice as much gas as starting the car once and making a big sweep to all your stops, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.

Go to your farthest destination first so your engine has a chance to reach its optimal operating temperature. Then make your other stops on the way back. With the engine warmed up, the car will restart easily and run efficiently all the way home.

+ نوشته شده در  Fri 23 May 2008ساعت 13:42  توسط مسعود  | 

Traders work in the crude oil options pit at the New York Mercantile Exchange, May 22, 2008. Photographer: Jin Lee/Bloomberg News
+ نوشته شده در  Fri 23 May 2008ساعت 12:57  توسط مسعود  | 

"You don't stop laughing because you grow old. You grow old because you stop laughing."

I had not Saeed in a long time , but to tell you the truth , he is one of the coolest guys I have ever known., I was just thinking of a nick name for him , Saeed Mercedes-Benz would fit fine or to abbreviate it more , Saeed Benz is the first that would come to your mind since this guy has so many . I do appreciate his integrity , honestly & the fact that he is not a cheap person & I am not going to say " anymore

I also would like to thank Saeed in advance for the 2 great lunches he paied for ,However I have to say this very loud & clearly .......let me see.... who’s turn is it next ... think think think .....Khosrow or what they call him in here ..Charlie

Saeed has two great brothers and a sister with their great loving Mom who resides in the area

Mercedes - Benz STV R

+ نوشته شده در  Fri 23 May 2008ساعت 12:49  توسط مسعود  | 

زندگي کوتاه تر از آن است که به خصومت بگذردو قلب ها گرامي تر از آنند که بشکنند .
آنچه از روزگار بدست مي آيد با خنده نمي ماند و آنجه از دست برود با گريه جبران نميشود!!
فردا خورشيد طلوع خواهد کرد حتي اگر ما نباشيم...
یک قلب پاک از تمام معابد جهان زیباتر است
از خدا پرسيدم:خدايا چطور مي توان بهتر زندگي کرد؟
خدا جواب داد:گذشته ات را بدون هيچ تاسفي بپذير،
با اعتماد زمان حال ات را بگذران و بدون ترس براي آينده آماده شو.
ايمان را نگهدار و ترس را به گوشه اي انداز .
شک هايت را باور نکن و هيچگاه به باورهايت شک نکن.
زندگي شگفت انگيز است فقط اگربدانيد که چطور زندگي کنيد
+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 9:7  توسط مسعود  | 

 
هر چند در کتب قديم به گل گاوزبان " لسان الثور" مي گويند، ولي در واقع نام ديگري ندارد. اسم فرانسوي، انگليسي، آلماني، ترکي و غيره هم ندارد، چون در هيچ نقطه اي از زمين جز دامنه کوه هاي البرز به عمل نمي آيد و با گياه ديگري که در آذربايجان و شهرهاي ديگر ايران و کشورهاي ديگر مي رويد و به غلط به گاوزبان مشهور شده است، نسبتي ندارد. براي اينکه اين اشتباه که حدود چند قرن است پزشکان و دارو سازان را گمراه کرده است، از بين برود اين را "گل گاوزبان" و ديگري را "گياه گاوزبان" بناميد. اين دو گياه متفاوت هستند، تنها گل هايشان کمي به هم شبيه است، هيچگونه خواص مشترکي ندارند و از نظر منافع طبي با هم متضاد مي‌‌باشند. گل هاي "گل گاوزبان" درشت تر از گل هاي"گياه گاوزبان" است.

"گل گاوزبان" در ايران، و "گياه گاوزبان" در اروپا و امريکا شهرت زيادي دارند. پزشکان سنتي ايران در معالجه بسياري از امراض از "گل گاوزبان" استفاده مي کردند و نتيجه مي گرفتند. پزشکان جديد هم خواص "گل گاوزبان" را مي دانستند و براي دسته اي ديگر از امراض تجويز مي نمودند و چون عطاران فرقي بين "گل گاوزبان" و "گياه گاوزبان" قايل نبودند، آنها را به جاي هم مي دادند، و به همين جهت معالجه آنها نتيجه نمي داد و محققين از اينکه خواص و منافع اين گياه از بين رفته است در تعجب بودند.

يکي از مترجمين، تمام فوايد "گياه گاوزبان" راترجمه کرده و به "گل گاوزبان" نسبت داده، سپس پرسيده است: چرا ايرانيان فقط از گل گاوزبان استفاده مي کنند؟... به برگ و سرشاخه هاي آن توجهي ندارند، در جواب ايشان بايد بگوييم که گل گاوزبان، فقط گلش فوايد طبي دارد، زيرا گياهي که  فرنگي ها به او "بوراش" مي گويند گل گاوزبان نيست.

صاحب کتاب "تحفه" در شرح گاوزبان چنين مي نويسد: گل گاوزبان لاجوردي و شبيه گل انار بوده و تخم آن مستدير( حلقوي شکل )  و لعابي است و در کوه هاي دارالمرز(البرز) بسيار زياد يافت مي شود. گياه ديگري که در اصفهان و بعضي از بلاد، گاوزبان مي دانند "مرماخوز" است که گل آن لاجوردي و کوچک و مدور است. ("مر" نام قبيله اي از ساکنان شمال افريقاست که بذر چند گياه دارويي را که يکي از آنها گياه گاو زبان است به اسپانيا برده  و در آنجا پرورش داد و استعمال آنها را در طب معمول داشته‌‌اند. اين گياهان به اسامي مختلف مرماتوس، مرماهوس، مرمازا در کتب طبي قديم وارد شده و خواص آنها تحقيق گرديده است.) بعد از جنگ هاي صليبي گياه گاوزبان را از اسپانيا به اروپا آوردند و در آنجا کاشتند و چون در کتاب قانون ابو علي سينا از گل گاوزبان زياد تعريف شده بود و اين کتاب نيز در مورد قبول و استناد استادان پزشکي اروپا بود، به همين جهت مورد توجه واقع گرديد، ولي متاسفانه گياه گاوزبان هيچ يک از خواص گل گاوزبان اصلي را نداشته و در عوض منافع ديگري داشت که کم کم محققين اروپايي به آن پي بردند. از جمله معلوم شد که سرشاخه، گل و برگ اين گياه داراي مقداري شوره بوده، عرق وادرار را زياد مي کند. در صورتي که در کتب طبي ايرانيان که در دانشگاه هاي اروپا تدريس مي شد، چنين خواصي را به او نسبت نداده بودند.

حال اجازه فرماييد اين دو گياه را به طور جداگانه معرفي کرده و منافع آنها را شرح دهيم:

گل گاوزبان اصلي

اين گياه به طور خودرو، منحصراً در دامنه ي کوه هاي البرز به عمل مي آيد و تاکنون اهلي نشده و قابل کشت نيست.

- مقوي روح و اعضاي رئيسه بدن بوده، حواس پنجگانه يا بهتر بگويم، حواس هجده گانه آدمي را تقويت مي کند.

- شکم را نرم و کيسه صفرا را باز مي کند، اخلاط سوخته سوداوي را از معده خارج و عوارض آن را از بين مي برد.

- جوشانده آن همراه با داروهاي ديگر جهت سرسام(مننژيت)، برسام(ورم حجاب حاجز)، ماليخوليا، جنون و رفع حواس پرتي مفيد مي باشد.

- جوشانده آن نشاط آور بوده، رنگ رخسار را باز مي کند.

- سينه را نرم مي کند، تنگي نفس و درد گلو را شفا مي دهد.

- دلهره و وحشت را از بين مي برد و غم و غصه را کم مي کند و براي کساني که با خود حرف مي زنند سودمند مي باشد.

- جوشانده آن با عسل جهت تنگي نفس تجويز شده است.

- جويدن برگ تازه آن جهت درمان جوش هاي چرکي دهان اطفال، برفک، سستي بيخ دندان و رفع حرارت دهان نافع است. مقدار خوراک گل آن دو مثقال تا پنج مثقال مي باشد.

- عرق گل گاوزبان جهت امراض سوداوي، وسواس و خفقان مفيد است.

- داراي منيزيم بوده و از سرطان پيشگيري مي کند.

- تحقيقات جديد بيانگر اين مطلب هستند که عصاره آبي گل گاوزبان دارويي مؤثر و بي‌خطر براي درمان بيماران مبتلاء به اختلال وسواسي اجباري مي باشد.

- گل گاوزبان داراي موسيلاژ به ميزان ?-? درصد، فلاونوئيد 15/0درصد و آنتوسيانين با آگليکون دلفينيدين و سيانيدين به ميزان 34/13 درصد و به مقدار ناچيز آلکالوئيد از دسته پيروليزيدين است.

- گل مرغوب گلي است که داراي دم سفيد و گلبرگ هاي بنفش باشد. برگ هاي تازه گل گاوزبان داراي مقدار زيادي ويتامين C مي باشد.

*پس اين گياه داراي شوره نيست، عرق و ادرار را زياد نمي کند.

گياه گاوزبان

گياه گاوزبان

اين گياه اسم فارسي ندارد و معلوم نيست از چه موقع به ايران آمده و در اطراف تبريز کاشته شده است. در زبان فرانسوي به آن بوراش مي گويند و "ابن بيطار" گياه شناس معروف قديم که در اصل اندلسي بوده و بعد به آسياي صغير آمده و دو کتاب بزرگ به نام هاي "الجامع" و "المغني" به زبان عربي دارد آن را نوعي "مرماخوز" دانسته و به اسامي: لسان الثور، ابوالعرق، کحيلا- کحلا، حمحم و بوغلص ياد کرده است.

- گل، سرشاخه و برگ آن داراي شوره، مواد لعابي و يک ماده تلخ است و به همين جهت عرق و ادرار را زياد مي کند.

- سنگ هاي کليه و مثانه را خرد کرده و از بين مي برد.

- اين گياه داراي اسيدهاي چرب امگا 6 مانند لينولنيک اسيد مي باشد که براي روماتوئيد مفيد است.

- ضماد برگ هاي تازه وله شده آن دمل را باز مي کند و براي معالجه سوختگي، آتش و آفتاب زدگي مفيد است.

- در طب سنتي ايران "مرماخوز" را جهت معالجه استسقا مفيد دانسته اند و براي اين کار، مبتلايان به استسقا بايستي مدت زيادي برگ و بذر آن را روزانه 15 تا 20 گرم ناشتا ميل نمايند.

*پس تجويز اين گياه براي مبتلايان به سرسام و برسام جايز نيست.

مضرات :

گاو زبان به علت داشتن آلكالوئيد براي زنان باردار و كودكان مضر است.

مريم مراديان نيري- کارشناس تغذيه

منابع:

کتاب زبان خوراکي ها

سايت آفتاب

شبکه تحقيقات گياهان دارويي 

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 8:51  توسط مسعود  | 


 
 
 

نام دارو های گیاهی وعرقیات

خواص و کاربرد آن

عرق آویشن

مقوی بدن ومعده _تقویت بینایی _ ضد نفخ _ ضد تشنج _ ضد صرع  _ رفع تشویش _ درمان سرفه _ تنگی تنفس _ درد مفاصل _ سیاتیک _ نقرس خونریزی های رحمی _ ترشحات رحمی _ کوفتگی عضلات _ رقیق کردن خون

عرق اسپست (یونجه )

اسپست سرشار از از ویتامین  K,D,C,Aمی باشد.تقویت اعصاب _ مقوی چاق کننده و تصفیه کننده خون

عرق اسطو خدوس ( لاوند )

مقوی اعصاب و خستگی های روحی _ درد عضلات _ سرفه وآسم

عرق بومادران

درمان ضعف عضله قلب ( میو کاردیت) احساس گرفتگی و درد ناحیهقلب (آنژین دوپوتارین ) _ خواب رفتن دست ها _ خون روی _اختلالات قاعدگی

عرق بید

اثر قاطع ولی کتد بر تب های مداوم دارد _ خواب آور _آرام بخش _تب بر _مدر

عرق بید مشک

تقویت قلب وملین و تقویت کننده معده واثر آرام بخش دارد .

عرق بابونه

مقوی معده _ باد شکن _ اشتها آور _ هضم کننده غذا _ صفرا بر _ قاعده آور و التیام دهنده_ آرام بخش اعصاب است واثر ضد تشنج و ضد عفونی کننده دارد .

عرق بادرنجویه

آرام بخش _ ضد تشنج _ مقوی قلب واعصاب _ ضد قولنج وهیستری

عرق پونه

بادشکن _ ضد نفخ _خلط آور _ مفید برای سیاه سرفه _ آسم _ سرفه را آرام وخروج خلط را تسهیل می کند .اثر محرک بر روی ترشحات معده دارد . 

عرق تارونه

از غلاف پوستی خرما گرفته می شود . بسیار آرام بخش ومسکن اعصاب و خواب آور است. برای رماتیسم _ درد مفاصل بسیار مفید است .

عرق چهل گیاه

تقویت معده _هضم غذا _ تقویت اعصاب _ مسکن درد های ماهانه خانم ها ودارای اثر آرام بخش است .

عرق خارشتر

مدر قوی _ تصفیه خون وکبد _ شستشوی کلیه ها و مفید برای سنگ کلیه ومثانه

عرق رازیانه

زیاد کننده ی شیر مادران_ قاعده آور _ اشتها آور _ دافع سنگ کلیه _ مفید برای درد های پهلو تخلیه رحم

عرق زنیان

ضد نفخ و باد شکن بسیار قوی _رفع سموم بدن _ تب بر _ قاعده آور _ مفید برای هضم غذا _ درمان لاغری شدید

عرق زیره

ضد چاقی است _ هضم کننده غذا _ باد شکن _ زیاد کننده شیر مادران _ رفع ناراحتی های روده

عرق سیر

ضد عفونی کننده _ ضد باکتری _ هضم کننده غذا _ کم کننده فشار خون

عرق سنبل الطیب

رفع تشنج _ تحرکات عصبی _ اسپاسم _ دلهره _میگرن _ ورم طحال

عرق شاتره

تصفیه کننده خون _صفرابر _ اشتها آور _تصفیه کننده کبد وضد یرقان _ رفع خارش بدن

عرق شوید

پایین آورنده چربی خون ومقوی معده _هضم غذا

عرق شنبلیله

مفید برای بیماری های قند _مفید برای مسلولین واشخاص ضعیف ولاغر _پایین آورنده فشار خون _بادشکن

عرق کاسنی

تب بر _ بیماری های کبد وکلیوی _ بیماری های اعصاب _ ضد کلسترول _ تصفیه کننده خون _ ضد یرقان

 

 

گل گاوزبان

يکي از عجايب سلسله کوه هاي البرز که قله عظيمي چون دماوند دارد، پرورش چندين نوع گياه دارويي است که اثر درماني زيادي دارند و منحصراً در دامنه هاي اين کوه به عمل مي آيند و در کوه هاي ديگر اثري از آنها نيست. چندي پيش جرايد ايران از يکي از اين گياهان سخن گفته و اثرات سحرآميز آن را بيان داشتند و نوشتند که کارشناسان خارجي بذر اين گياه را به کشورهاي ديگر برده اند، ولي با کوشش فراوان نتوانسته اند آن را به عمل آورند، زيرا اين گياه فقط در زادگاه اوليه خود سبز مي شود.


+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 8:35  توسط مسعود  | 

   

دختران مسلمان ترک که با ممنوعیت حجاب در برخی مراکز آموزشی و عمومی مواجه هستند، با گذاشتن کلاه گیس روی روسری به جنگ ممنوعیت حجاب رفته اند، عکسهای زیر از نشریه "حریت" ترکیه این ترفند دختران مسلمان را نشان می دهد.


      

 

 

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 8:26  توسط مسعود  | 

 

May 21 (Bloomberg) -- U.S. oil company executives told Congress oil prices should be between $35 a barrel and $90 a barrel, as they testified for the second time this year about record energy prices

The price of oil should be ``somewhere between $35 and $65 a barrel,'' John Hofmeister, president of Shell Oil Co., the Houston-based subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell Plc, said at a Senate hearing today. Other executives said prices should be as much as $90 a barrel.

Representatives of the five largest publicly traded oil companies appeared before the Senate Judiciary Committee to testify on record energy prices. Appearing today alongside Hofmeister were representatives of BP Plc, ConocoPhillips, Chevron Corp. and Exxon Mobil Corp.

Crude oil futures contracts touched $133.82 a barrel today on the New York Mercantile Exchange, the highest since trading began in 1983. Average U.S. retail gasoline prices hit a record $3.791 a gallon this week, according to the U.S. Energy Department.

Congress last week approved legislation to halt deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, in an effort to respond to record prices.

Today's committee hearing marks the second time the executives have gathered to testify before Congress this year, after an April 1 hearing of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming.

`No Idea'

John Lowe, executive vice president of ConocoPhillips, said the price should be ``about $90 a barrel in this environment.''

J. Stephen Simon, senior vice president for Exxon Mobil, said he had ``no idea what the price should be today.'' He testified in April that historical market fundamentals pointed to a $50 a barrel to $55 a barrel oil price.

Peter Robertson, vice chairman of Chevron, said he thought the price was higher than the $35 to $65 figure cited by Hofmeister. He declined to give an exact number.

Robert Malone, president of BP America Inc., the U.S. subsidiary of London-based BP, said ``an oil price in the range of $60'' would be profitable for his company.

The House Judiciary Committee will hold a hearing with the same executives tomorrow.

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 8:22  توسط مسعود  | 

Starting June 15, American will charge passengers a $15 fee for the first checked bag. Last week, the carrier began charging a $25 fee each way for the second checked bag. That means passengers checking two pieces of luggage could end up paying $80 round trip. The increase announced Wednesday does not apply to certain AAdvantage members and some full-fare and international flights.

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 8:19  توسط مسعود  | 

بهار آمد که آرايد جهان را
صفا بخشد دل آزادگان را
بهار آمد که تا دل کام گيرد
ز درد و غصه ها فرجام گيرد
بهاري خوش تر از ايران من نيست
گلي خوش بوتر از خاک وطن نيست
درودم بر تو ايران زنده باشي
خزانت طي شود پاينده باشي
+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 7:2  توسط مسعود  | 

7 Cool Bluetooth Gadgets

Bluetooth revolutionized electronics 10 years ago with its wireless technology that enables devices to communicate with each other. Here's a look at some of the latest Bluetooth-enabled devices

By Michal Lev-Ram,CNNMoney.com writer-reporter
Courtesy of Parrot
1. PARTY speakers from Parrot (Black Edition)

Price: Available this summer for $150

This portable, wireless speaker system lets you listen to music - beamed - from your phone or PC. It's also got a built-in technology called Near Field Communications (NFC), which allows users to pair it with a mobile device by simply tapping the two together. Unfortunately, there's just one NFC phone currently on the market, and it's only available overseas.

More from CNNMoney.com

5 Great Bluetooth Headsets

Sneak Preview: New Wireless Gadgets

A $9,000 Bargain TV 

Courtesy of Plantronics

2. Calisto Pro Series from Plantronics

Price: $280

You know the cellular industry has made it when home phones start looking like mobile handsets. This sleek landline telephone from Plantronics is made for home use but comes with a Bluetooth headset that can also work with a cell or VoIP phone.

Courtesy of Sony

3. S-Frame digital photo frames from Sony

Price: $190 - $250, depending on size

You'll need a Bluetooth adapter to transfer images from your cell phone to this new picture frame. The frame's LCD screen can display images up to 48 megapixels, and offers 10 slide show variations on top of clock and calendar views. Two index modes let you preview several photos at once.

Courtesy of Iqua

4. SUN headset by Iqua

Price: $80

This solar-powered Bluetooth headset converts light into power, which means you won't have to worry about recharging the battery every night. While it's a bit large (due to the built-in mini solar panel), the eco-friendly SUN claims to get nine hours of talk time.

Courtesy of Sony Ericsson

5. MBW-150 watch from Sony Ericsson (Music Edition)

Price: $400

This James Bond-like, water-resistant gadget works in conjunction with your handset by vibrating each time you receive a new call or text message and letting you control your
mobile music. The one downside: The watch only works with select Bluetooth-enabled phones made by Sony Ericsson.

Courtesy of I-Tech

6. Virtual laser keyboard from Golan Technology

Price: $160

This futuristic-looking portable device uses infrared and laser technology to project a full-size, working virtual keyboard on any surface. It uses Bluetooth technology to pair with both laptops and compatible cell phones for typing messages on the go.

Courtesy of Kodak

7. V610 EasyShare camera from Kodak

Price: $350

Using embedded Bluetooth wireless technology, the V610 allows users to take pictures and beam them straight to their PC or a compatible printer. This small, 6-megapixel camera also comes with dual-lens technology and a 2.8-inch high-resolution color display.

+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 6:59  توسط مسعود  | 

 

What is Ketamine

Ketamine (ketamine hydrochloride) is a central nervous system depressant that produces a rapid-acting dissociative effect. It was developed in the 1970s as a medical anesthetic for both humans and animals. Ketamine is often mistaken for cocaine or crystal methamphetamine because of a similarity in appearance (NCADI, 2000).

Also known as K, Special K, Vitamin K, Kit Kat, Keller, Super Acid, and Super C, Ketamine is available in tablet, powder, and liquid form. So powerful is the drug that, when injected, there is a risk of losing motor control before the injection is completed. In powder form, the drug can be snorted or sprinkled on tobacco or marijuana and smoked (Partnership for a Drug-Free America, 2000). The effects of Ketamine last from 1 to 6 hours, and it is usually 24–48 hours before the user feels completely “normal” again.


Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. SAMHSA's Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Prevention Alert: Club Drugs: Ketamine (Volume 3, Number 28 ed.) Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved September 23, 2002 from the World Wide Web:http://ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/prevalert/v3i28.aspx


+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 6:57  توسط مسعود  | 

Proposal to make it illegal for banks, retirement funds, etc., from bidding on Commodity futures. If you don't make Corn Flakes than you can't buy corn. Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), who chaired Tuesday's hearing before the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, said that commodities trading by pension funds and other institutional investors has risen sharply. He noted that investment in index funds tied to commodities has grown twentyfold to $260 billion in the last five years.

"This unbridled growth raises justifiable concerns that speculative demand -- divorced from market realities -- is driving food and energy price inflation and causing a lot of human suffering," Lieberman said. This will make corn go down as well as lowering oil prices somewhat. All good for VeraSun
+ نوشته شده در  Thu 22 May 2008ساعت 6:6  توسط مسعود  | 

Stocks fell in early trading in response to the surging price of oil, which shot up more than $4 and breached $133 a barrel for the first time on the futures market Wednesday.

The stock market then slumped further after minutes from last month's Fed meeting revealed that policymakers expected sharply lower economic growth and higher unemployment later this year -- and that inflation worries are likely to keep the central bank from cutting rates again.

High energy prices have been a source of anxiety for investors, as many retailers and credit card companies have noticed consumers paring back spending on discretionary items, including clothing and jewelry, to buy necessities such as gasoline and groceries, which have been soaring in price

+ نوشته شده در  Wed 21 May 2008ساعت 23:25  توسط مسعود  | 

Stocks tumble on $133 oil, Fed meeting minutes
Wednesday May 21, 2:35 pm E
Stocks tumble in response to $133 a barrel oil, Federal Reserve's economic assessment

 

 

 $133 oil

+ نوشته شده در  Wed 21 May 2008ساعت 23:24  توسط مسعود  |